Khadi Boli, also known as Khari Boli and Kauravi, is the local dialect spoken mainly in the Western parts of Uttar Pradesh, some parts of Uttarakhand and some parts of Haryana.
Let me explain the different terms used.
In Khadi Boli, we use strong sounds that might sound harsh to some ears.
For example, we use ‘ण’ and not ‘न’ in most of the words. For instance, while referring to water, I’ll say ‘पाणी’ and not ‘पानी’. Likewise while asking who’s there in the room, I’ll say,” अरै, कौण है इस कमरे मैं?” or “अरै, कूण है इस कमरे मैं?”, and not “अरे, कौन है इस कमरे में?” (You’ll find many such examples of Khadi Boli in this Shabdkosh).
Also, in Khadi Boli, we say “चाच्चा” while referring to uncles, and not “चाचा” as we speak in ordinary Hindi. The usage of ‘strong’ sounds gives this dialect the name “Khadi Boli” – A ‘Standing Language’ because you need to put in extra effort to say the words.
The term “Khari Boli” is prevalent because the language does not sound sweet to many people’s ears (it’s not supposed to). Khar means salt, so you can say it’s a dialect that makes your mouth taste salty. This ‘saltiness’ makes it stand out from other dialects such as BrijBhasha and Awadhi (the language people of the holy city Ayodhya speak) also known as ‘पड़ी बोली’ – the ‘Lying Language.’
Kauravs or Kauravas – the sons of King Dhritarashtra and Queen Gandhari, spoke this language in Mahabharat times, hence the name Kauravi. And it’s evident because Kauravas were born in Western UP. Most of the places related to Mahabharat are situated in or close to Western Uttar Pradesh – Hastinapur, ParikshitGarh, ShukraTal, Barnava, and Indraprastha (Delhi).
By the way, did you know that in the epic by B.R. Chopra – “Mahabharat” – there was a native speaker of Khadi Boli? Yes, Gajendra Chauhan – the actor who played ‘Yudhishthir.’
Also, the structure in which the Kauravs conspired to burn the Pandavs alive is in Western Uttar Pradesh – near the town of Badaut or Baraut in Baghpat district (which happened to me by Nanihal). The structure is called ‘LakshaGrih’, and it’s in the area ‘Barnava.’ LakshaGrih houses a Sanskrit Vidyapeeth/Mahavidyalay now.
Khadi Boli is NOT Haryanvi
Many people assume that Khadi Boli and Haryanvi are the same language. They are not. Yes, some words are similar in both the languages but they are two different languages. Be clear about this.
Areas Khadi Boli Cover
In Western Uttar Pradesh or Western UP, as we lovingly call our state, it’s spread across many districts and regions. Some of them are Lakshminagar (some people call it Muzaffarnagar), Bijnor, Shamli, Saharanpur, Baghpat, Meerut, Ghaziabad, Gautam Buddh Nagar (Noida), Hapur, Bulandshahar and surrounding areas.
I was born in a Parmar Rajput family in the village ‘Yahiyapur’ in Lakshminagar (Muzaffarnagar), Western UP, and my mother tongue is Khadi Bolli. Yes, the authentic pronunciation is Khadi Bolli (खड़ी बोल्ली) and not Khadi Boli (खड़ी बोली) but to keep things simple, I shall address it as Khadi Boli only. And in case you didn’t know:
Khadi Boli is the mother of modern Hindi
Yes, today’s modern or standard Hindi is the child of the rich dialect we’re talking about.
Why I Started This Online Khadi Boli Resource
I’d given PD (Personality Development) classes at Subharti University, Meerut in March 2010. And I noticed that many students were ashamed of their language (Khadi Boli) because some ‘so-called-civilised- people’ are of the opinion that they sound uncivilised and arrogant.
You can progress in life only if you take pride in your language first. And what does it matter if you sound arrogant to some ‘over-sensitive’ ears? Your life can never bloom unless you accept and own your language before you embrace any foreign language.
Shri Bhartendu Harishchandra had stated it so succinctly.
निज भाषा उन्नति अहै, सब भाषा को मूल
बिन निज भाषा ज्ञान के मिटे न हिय को शूल
(The progress of one’s language is the key to all development. Without the proper knowledge of one’s mother tongue, one cannot feel expressed)
Learn to Respect Your Language
If you can’t respect your language – the language that you have inherited from your forefathers, then it’s no use in learning any other language. It’s not about appearing civilised and ‘padha-likha’ (educated), but rather a question of honouring the very blood running through your veins.
Now, don’t even think of learning Khadi Boli by watching movies, especially ‘Omkara’ – the movie by Mr Vishal Bhardwaj, who claimed that the language used in the movie was Khadi Boli. Otherwise, you’ll end up learning some imaginary language, which is anything but Khadi Boli.
I was sick and tired of ignorant and misinformed people terming some imaginary language as Khadi Boli. I tried finding some authentic documentation about the same on the internet but…nothing.
Can you believe that Khadi Boli dialect which has given birth to today’s modern or standard Hindi is so goddamn ‘unknown’ that people can’t recognise it from other languages?
As I see it, it’s a sign of low self-esteem of native speakers of Khadi Boli. And the way some of us try to hide the fact that we’re the native speakers of one of the richest and colourful languages in the world is shameful (at least to me).
Presenting “Khadi Boli Shabdkosh” (खड़ी बोली शब्दकोश)
When nobody dared to write a story you wanted to read, you write it yourself. That’s what I did.
There’s no Khadi Boli dictionary available on the internet, not that I know of.
I started an article which was a random collection of different words used in day to day Khadi Boli. And then, I segregated it into three separate parts, namely ‘Learn Khadi Boli: The Rich Local Dialect of Western UP-1, 2, and 3.’
Later I removed the word ‘Local’ because it’s kind of obvious that a dialect is local in itself. (This very article you’re reading was the first in series ‘Learn Khadi Boli: The Rich Dialect of Western UP – 1.’) Later I segregated all the alphabets along with corresponding words.
That’s how this Khadi Boli Shabdkosh was born.
I owe it to my ancestors to let the world know what is Khadi Boli and how it sounds (whenever and wherever possible).
Khadi Boli Shabdkosh is the first and the only collection of authentic words used in the dialect. I’ve kept this reference source in the public domain to benefit the ordinary people. This online source documents the Khadi Boli words used on a daily basis (you’re welcome). I’ll keep on adding more words and examples to this collection.
Khadi Boli Shabdkosh Is Making An Impact
Just the other day, a user posted a comment on my ‘Khadi Boli: How to Pronounce ‘Chhori‘ video on Youtube.
Thank you so much …Aap bhot accha kaam kar rahe ho hamari sanskriti ko badhane k liye. Though I belong to Hapur. But I was raised in different parts of mp and chattisgarh because of my father’s job and my parents did not teach me khadi boli because they thought it’s uncivilised (I am very proud of my culture and mother tongue and would like to teach my kids). And I did not speak my mother tongue( and it hurt me alot that I don’t speak my mother tongue ) until I start to learn online. Your blog and channel helped me a lot. Thanks alot please upload some other videos too.and keep the good work on.”
Well, thank you, for your kind words dear.
How to Use this Shabdkosh
Below you shall find links to all the articles of Khadi Boli Shabdkosh. Click on the alphabets to go directly to the corresponding pages. I’ve included the meaning of Khadi Boli words in Hindi and English wherever possible. And I have also uploaded audio examples at some places to help you understand what does Khadi Boli sound like. Khadi Boli is a fun language to learn. So enjoy the journey, and whenever you need a reference, come back again.
Khadi Boli Shabdkosh Links